Psychodrama is a means of exploring our lives together with other people in spontaneous role-playing action. It is therapeutic in the widest sense, providing us with opportunities to investigate and integrate body, mind and spirit, and to connect more deeply with others than we often do in our normal day-to-day life. A fundamental goal of psychodrama is to help us activate and expand our individual and collective spontaneity and creativity.

    Conceived and developed by Jacob L. Moreno, MD, psychodrama employs guided dramatic action to examine problems or issues raised by an individual (psychodrama) or a group (sociodrama). Using experiential methods, sociometry, role theory, and group dynamics, psychodrama facilitates insight, personal growth, and integration on cognitive, affective, and behavioral levels. It clarifies issues, increases physical and emotional well being, enhances learning and develops new skills.

The basic elements (operational components) of psychodrama are:

  • The protagonist: Person(s) selected to represent the “theme" of the group in the drama.
  • The auxiliary egos: Group members who assume the roles of significant others in the drama
  • The audience: Group members who witness the drama and represent the world at large.
  • The stage: The physical space in which the drama is conducted
  • The director: The trained psychodramatist who guides participants through each phase of the session.
    In a classically structured psychodrama session, there are three distinct phases (structural components) of group interaction:
  • The warm-up: The group theme is identified and a protagonist is selected.
  • The action: The problem is dramatized and the protagonist explores new methods of resolving it.
  • The sharing: Group members are invited to express their connection with the protagonist's work.
Psychodrama affords participants a safe, supportive environment in which to practice new and more effective roles and behaviors.
(Excerpted From The American Society of Group PsychoTherapy and Psychodrama Web-site)


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